Elevators play an important role as a means of transporting passengers. In the early stages of designing a building need to carry out the analysis and modeling of traffic flow on the basis of these data to make selection of the type, quantity, capacity, speed, service system, as well as the location of the elevators. Existing types of lifts satisfy even the most intricate ideas of the designer. Modern technologies allow to install a lift in a very confined space.


So, choose the type of lift is quite simple, since it depends on the actual purpose lift in the projected building. If you want to move only in the vertical load, then you will need a freight elevator. If the goods need to be moved horizontally - you need a transporter. To lift and lower access to patients will need hospital elevator. If the projected residential building or a hotel, buy a passenger lift. Prestige - let it be panoramic (panoramic). And if you want to save space, make the elevator without machine room. This lift will fit with all of its nodes in the mine. Do not forget to take care of people with disabilities by adding a few options to the normal lift. You can also set up a special lift wheelchairs to people with disabilities can without difficulty to visit your store. If you are designing a parking lot, the number of parking spaces can be significantly increased if it is multi-layered and it will be installed car elevator. Want even more parking spaces? Then you need automatic parking system. And yet, there are lifts with front and rear entrance. If you want passengers to move horizontally, place the travelator, and if on the diagonal - while the escalator. Accelerate the construction of the building using a special lift, in which you can navigate to the builders together with the load.

The quality of the service buildings affected by the number of elevators installed in it, which depends on the type of building (office, hotel or residential), the number of users in the building area of the building, the location of restaurants, etc. For example: in the offices of some manufacturers recommend lifts from 150 to 300 users on a lift. In hotels - per 1 lift 100-200 rooms. Just in hotels, it is desirable to plan and service elevators, the amount of which shall be two-thirds of the total number of lifts. In residential buildings, passenger elevator can be installed if more than 6 storeys floors.

Capacity / lift capacity also affects their number. If the lift capacity of 400 pounds, then this cabin will contain a 5 passengers. But in the "tonner" fit easily over 12 people. But at "tonner" cabin size is much larger is not always acceptable in some circumstances.

The speed of the lift effect at the time of delivery of passengers to the desired floor. Desirably, the movement from the lower to the upper floor should not exceed 30 seconds. If the number of floors of the building is low, and the passenger is small, must be ordered with a standard speed elevators - 1 meter per second. With more than 9 storeys or increase in passenger traffic is advisable to book an elevator with a speed of 1.5 m / s. For a 30-storey houses and we can safely purchase a lift up to 7 m / s.

Timeout elevator after pressing the call button is heavily dependent on system maintenance floors. Some older elevators can accept and serve only one call, which was received first. The next challenge will be accepted only after the previous occupant will be delivered to the desired floor. This is useful when traveling VIP passenger protection. Also, if the passenger carries any weight. Most modern elevators installed in residential buildings are equipped with collecting system while moving down. The calculation is that the main flow of passengers with different floors directed downwards and not upwards. Therefore, if you go to the first floor, then reach your desired without additional stops. But when going down the elevator can stop on the way to the floor, where previously pressed the call button to take a companion. In office buildings, usually mounted lifts with collecting system up and down. Such elevators at all, except in extreme, two floors Ring buttons located one above the other. Passenger who have to go up, to press the top button. Conversely, if down - that the lower part. Thus, if you press the top button and the elevator goes down, the cabin will not stop, because it is not on the way. But on the way back, she is sure you pick. When installing two elevators near, it is better to order a system with job guys. Such a system will distribute lifts on different levels, where they will be expected to call. When you press the call button, you will arrive to the nearest cabin. If the nearest elevator can not arrive on a call (overload, off, etc.), then you will serve another.

In the form of additional options are available, such as an emergency power supply. Such a device does not allow the passenger to remain in the cab and drive to the nearest floor without help, when suddenly the power supply is disconnected. If you want your elevator was quite silent, let him be durable flat belts instead of ropes, as well as rollers instead of nylon inserts, which stall "holds" for guides.

Dispatching communication should be installed in each passenger elevator. In the case of "stuck", the passenger presses the emergency button in the elevator, the elevator operator associated with it-controller that produces evacuation. It should also be provided and service room in the building that will host the lifter dispatcher.